Elk feed on grasses, forbs, acorns, bark, leaves, and buds.
Elk can live as long as 15 years.
Newborns weigh about 35 pounds. They can stand within minutes of birth and calf and cow usually rejoin the heard within a couple of weeks. Calves nurse for one to seven months.
Bulls use their antlers to intimidate and spar with other males. Most encounters are ritualistic and involve little physical contact; only occasionally do conflicts result in serious injuries to one or more combatants. During the "rut" in September and early October, dominant bulls gather and breed with harems of up to 20 cows.
Cow elk can be very aggressive at times. These two cows were fighting after one found out about the other bulls girlfriend!..;)
Females are ready to breed in the second autumn of their lives.
Cows usually give birth to only one calf per year.
Adults are 7-10 feet long from nose to tail and stand 4 1/2 - 5 feet tall at the shoulder. Adult males have antlers that may reach a width of five feet.
Elk have an acute sense of smell and excellent eyesight.
Adult Male Elks also called Bulls can weigh an average of 600-700 pounds.
Bull Elk Bugling.
In the Fall season Male Elk make their legendary bugling calls to challenge other bulls and attract cows. Their calls may be heard a mile or more away.